Steadily, one can observe that, knowledge of animal genetics is important in the application of biotechnology to manage genetic disorders and improve animal breeding.
Transgenic technologies are used for improving milk production and the meat in farm animals as well as for creating models of human diseases.
Transgenic animals are used for the production of proteins for human medical use.
Biotechnology is applied to facilitate xenotransplantation from animals to humans.
Genetic engineering is done in farm animals and nuclear transfer technology has become an important and preferred method for cloning animals. There is discussion of in vitro meat production by culture.
Genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics are also being applied to animal biotechnology.